Plants That Grow Well Under Pine Trees
Lily of the Valley
Lily of the valley, known for its lovely white flowers that may also be pale pink, is one of the most popular flowers to plant under pine trees, and for good reasons. Although it requires your care to grow well at first, after a year of diligent watering, you will discover that it is a perennial that will continue to bloom each spring.
Though the conditions beneath a pine tree are best for lilies of the valley, other kinds of lilies can also do well in the shade. They stand out as a great option because they come in many colours, such as red, yellow, orange, and magenta.
Like lilies, hydrangeas come in several stunning colours, including several shades of reds, blues, pinks, and purples. Changing the pH level of the soil can sometimes change the colour of the hydrangea. Hydrangeas do well in the shade. They initially need moist soil to blossom, but over time they become acclimated to drier soil conditions, making them an excellent fit for beneath your pine tree.
Wild geraniums are some of the most resilient plants out there. In nature, you will generally find geraniums in the forest where there is ample compost of pine needles, leaves, and other plants.
Wild geraniums contribute significantly to the ecosystem of your backyard garden as well. They attract pollinators such as bumblebees and honeybees. They protect your garden as well, as some people believe that their scent is unpleasant for deer or similar animals that may want to eat your plants.
These plants grow under pine trees well as companions to several other plants that also can deal with the shady conditions at the base of a pine tree, such as columbine, woodland phlox, and ferns.
Rhododendrons are another colourful perennial plant that does best in more acidic soil. You can choose the colour of your rhododendrons to complement the other flowers in your garden. Rhododendrons like the shade as well as the partial sunlight that naturally comes through tree branches.
Bleeding hearts need lots of water for the first two weeks after you plant them. After that initial period, the plants can blossom pretty independently. Bleeding hearts have several benefits: they like shade, they deter deer and rabbits, they require little pruning, and their trademark pink blossoms lend a quaint touch to your garden.
Different kinds of bleeding heart plants have distinct growing attributes. Some grow up to 3 feet tall and are less likely to spread, whereas others grow 1 to 1.5 feet tall and are more likely to grow and spread quickly. We recommend planting the latter option under pine trees.
Grasses That Grow Well Under Pine Trees
It can be challenging to plant grass that will flourish under pine trees. Generally, fescue grass is the grass that will do best to grow under pine trees.
However, fescue grass still requires some exposure to sunlight as it is growing. This need for light is one of the reasons that pruning the bottom branches of your pine trees is so important since it will allow those rays of sunlight to get in.
Fescue grass is also relatively drought-tolerant, but it does require moisture, especially at first.
Some other grasses to plant under your pine trees are centipede, Bermuda, and zoysia grasses. These three plants all grow better in slightly warmer climates.
What Is the Best Ground Cover Under Pine Trees?
Sweet woodruff is particularly suitable for growing under pine trees. Sweet woodruff is a little-known herb that loves the shade. The plants are green leaves with tiny white flowers.
Sweet woodruff is both low-maintenance and tough enough to grow under trees. This flowery ground cover can handle pine needles as well as limited moisture for quite some time.
Bearberry plants do best in full sun, but they can also grow well in the shade. Although they may not appear to be so at first, bearberry plants are technically considered shrubs.
The bearberry plant can have a slow start for its first year after planting, but after that, it spreads quickly, even in the shade.